Vinyl is one of the most popular flooring options for today's homeowners, especially in kitchens and bathrooms, due to its durability, comfort to walk on, and resilience to water, heavy foot traffic. Vinyl flooring is easily modified and comes in a wide variety of colors and patterns and can be made to look like wood, ceramic tile, and other materials. Vinyl flooring is economical compared to many other flooring options.
Vinyl has the potential to fade if exposed to direct sunlight and can become damaged under extreme temperatures. This typically limits vinyl flooring materials to indoor use. Sharp objects or heavy loads can also damage vinyl floors. Homeowners can choose between several types of vinyl flooring, namely sheet, tile, and plank. Sheets come in rolls, as carpet does, typically six or 12 feet wide. These sheets can be cut to size. Vinyl flooring types depend on the level of modification to the PVC backbone with plasticizers.
Vinyl tiles typically come in 9-inch or 12-inch squares and can look like ceramic, stone or marble when installed. They are easy to install and may use a peel-and-stick application method. The adhesives used are typically based on vinyl as well to maximize adhesion and maintain the durability and physical properties of the vinyl flooring product. Vinyl planks come in rectangular pieces and look similar to hardwood. They come in various sizes and thicknesses and use one of a range of installation methods. No matter which variety, vinyl flooring is made up of various raw materials and chemicals. All vinyl flooring has certain elements in common, but depending on the desired qualities, the composition of various pieces may vary. The manufacturing methods used may differ as well.
In this article you will learn:
- Chemicals and raw materials in vinyl flooring
- Considerations when choosing chemicals and raw materials
- How vinyl flooring is manufactured