Formic Acid

The simplest carboxylic acid, containing a single carbon. Occurs naturally in various sources including the venom of bee and ant stings, and is a useful organic synthetic reagent. Principally used as a preservative and antibacterial agent in livestock feed. It is also significantly used in the production of leather, including tanning, and in dyeing and finishing textiles.

Synonyms
Carbonous acid, Formylic acid, Hydrogen carboxylic acid, Hydroxy(oxo)methane, Metacarbonoic acid, Methanoic acid, Oxocarbinic acid, Oxomethanol
Chemical Formula
CH2O2
CAS Number
64-18-6

Characteristics

Molar Weight
46.025 g/mol
Melting Point
8,4 °C
Boiling Point
100,8 °C
Flash Point
69 °C
Density
1.220g/Ml
Forms
Liquid (clear)

Uses and Applications

Key applications

  • Fragrances
  • Fabric, textile and leather products
  • Leather processing
  • Cleaning products
  • Preservative
  • Etching & Engraving
  • Oil and Gas
  • pH control
  • Agricultural
  • Laundry products
  • Household industrial
  • Animal feed

Industries

  • Energy Services
  • Pharma
  • Water Treatment
  • Pulp & Paper
  • Beauty & Personal Care
  • Food & Nutrition
  • Polymers
  • Cleaning
  • Animal Nutrition
  • CASE & Construction
  • Chemical Processing
  • Rubber
  • Agriculture