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Enzymes play complex roles in food production as well as general human health and nutrition. In simple terms, their job is to speed up chemical reactions. For example, digestive enzymes in the stomach, mouth, and small intestine help break down food, facilitating the absorption of nutrients into the body.
Over the years, humans have harnessed the power of different enzymes for a variety of applications. Enzymes help tenderize meat and facilitate the fermentation process when making beer, yogurt, and cheese. Industrial enzymes are essential to the medical and biofuel industries. They are also found in many detergents and cleansers.
Brenntag North America is one of the largest distributors of industrial enzymes for food and nutrition, among other applications. Keep reading to learn more about these useful substances and the many roles they play in both nature and industry.
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Enzymes are the workhorses of the body. They break down carbohydrates (sugar and starch) to provide energy. Enzymes are involved in muscle contraction, nerve conduction, digestion, and most physiological functions. The majority of enzymes are proteins, though a small number, known as ribozymes, are catalytic RNA molecules.
The three primary applications of enzymes are to break things apart, change the shape of molecules, and join molecules together. The major types of enzymes relevant to food processing are:
Enzymes have the capability of facilitating more than 5,000 types of chemical reactions. As we learn more and further refine our ability to synthesize and utilize them, enzymes will continue to be employed in a wide range of processes outside the body.
Several manufacturing and other industrial processes use enzymes as biocatalysts. Chemical companies produce enzymes from plants, animals, and microbial sources for use in vegetable and fruit processing, baking and milling, craft brewing and distilling, winemaking, and dairy and cheese processing, among other applications.
Each enzyme has a unique three-dimensional shape with a highly specific reactive capability. However, new research into protein engineering has promised to expand the potential uses of enzymes in industrial manufacturing.
Benefits of enzymes for baking and milling are:
Benefits of enzymes for craft brewing and distilling are:
Benefits of enzymes for dairy and cheese processing are:
Benefits of enzymes for fruit and vegetable processing are:
Benefits of enzymes for winemaking are:
Brenntag North America is a leading distributor of food and nutritional enzymes for industrial use. Our customers rely on us to provide them with the most advanced products on the market today. We are committed to food safety and supply chain traceability. Our goal is to ensure that each of our clients has the information they need to make informed decisions about the products they use.
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