What is hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless, highly corrosive acid created by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. Over the years, hydrochloric acid has been referred to as spirits of salt, muriatic acid, and acidum salis. The hydrochloric acid developed for industrial use typically features a hydrogen chloride concentrate of up to 38 percent, although the bulk-grade version falls in the 30-35 percent range. Solutions of between 20 and 32 percent are available in the United States.
- Synonyms: HCl, hydrochloric acid 31.45%, hydrogen chloride, muriatic acid
- INCI: Hydrochloric acid
- Chemical formula: HCl
- CAS #: 7647-01-0
- Hazard: GHS05 – Corrosive, GHS07 - Harmful
Buy Hydrochloric Acid in various grades
Use the links below to view all package sizes for these specific products:
|Appearance||Clear, colorless liquid|
|Solubilities||Soluble in water|
|Boiling point||107.08°F (41.71°C)|
|Freezing point||-44.5°F (-42.5°C)|
|Molecular weight||36.46 g/mol|
|Weight per gallon||9.6709 lb/ gal|
|Class||acid, mineral acid|
|Grades||Industrial, ACS, USP, NF Grade, Kosher|
uses and applications for hydrochloric acid
One of the most import industrial applications of hydrochloric acid is in processes involving refining and finishing metal. Specifically, the steel pickling industry uses the acid to remove rust and scale to prepare the metal for procedures such as galvanization, extrusion, and electroplating. It is also used for dissolving calcium carbonate when cleaning brickwork and mortar.
Coatings & Construction: It is used for dissolving calcium carbonate when cleaning
concrete, brickwork, and mortar.
- Food & Nutrition: sugar refining, high fructose corn syrup, food processing
HI&I: It can be an ingredient in household cleaners such as toilet bowl cleaners,
bathroom tile cleaners and other porcelain cleaners, due to its corrosive properties
that help clean tough stains.
Oil & Gas: The acid increases production by attacking calcium and magnesium carbonate
oil bearing rock formations and making them more permeable to oil and gas flow
into the well casing.
Water Treatment: Hydrochloric Acid is a strong pH reducer. It is suitable for lowering
the pH and as an emulsion breaker in industrial wastewater treatment. It can be used for
scale removal and is also used in swimming pool applications
- Other: Production of Organic and Inorganic compound. Specifically, the steel pickling industry uses the acid to remove rust and scale to prepare the metal for procedures such as galvanization, extrusion, and electroplating.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless, highly corrosive acid created by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. Over the years, hydrochloric acid has been referred to as spirits of salt, muriatic acid, and acidum salis
Look no further than Brenntag, a leading hydrochloric acid distributor in the United States and throughout North America.
At Brenntag North America, we strive to provide the best chemical products backed by superior customer service. In addition to offering an extensive supply of high-quality hydrochloric acid products, we can perform custom blending to meet your company’s unique manufacturing requirements.
With more than 190 locations throughout North America, we can deliver efficient, localized services including packaging, just-in-time delivery, formulation assistance and lab support.
Hydrochloric Acid is available in pails, metal drums, totes, and bulk
You can download a copy of the SDS for hydrochloric acid from Brenntag Connect.
This document is for informational purposes only. You accept sole responsibility for reading and complying with the Safety Data Sheets (SDS’s), as well as any other safety information, relating to the products listed herein. The information contained herein is based on Brenntag’s knowledge at the time of publication or release and not on any publications, independent studies, empirical evidence or other form of verification. You should not use or rely on any statements contained herein as a basis for any representations or warranties to your customers or end users as to the safety, efficacy or suitability of any product or for purposes of ensuring your compliance with any laws or regulations. Brenntag makes no warranties, express or implied, as to the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained herein or as to fitness of any product for any particular purpose. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as an authorization to use or an inducement to practice any patent, trade secret or other intellectual property right. Before producing and distributing any product, it is your sole responsibility to adequately test and document the performance of the product and acquire any required intellectual property rights. You assume all risks for failing to do so and Brenntag shall not be liable (regardless of fault) to you, your employees, customers or end users or any third party for direct, special or consequential damages arising out of or in connection with the furnishing or use of this information. Please contact your local Brenntag representative if you have any questions about this information.