Sodium Chloride

In addition to the familiar domestic uses of salt, more dominant applications of Sodium chloride include chemicals and de-icing. In medicine it is used together with water as one of the primary solutions for intravenous therapy and in nasal sprays.


Molar Weight58.44 g/mol
Melting Point800.7 °C
Boiling Point1,465 °C
Density2.17 g/cc
FormsLiquid, Colourless, Crystalline, Solid

Uses and Applications

Key applications

  • Anti-freeze
  • Adhesives and Sealants
  • Electronics
  • Paint and Coatings
  • Plastics and polymers
  • Absorbent
  • Cleaning products
  • Petroleum production
  • Pulp and paper
  • Textile handling
  • Solvents
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Personal care
  • Bleaching agent


  • Pharma
  • Oil & Gas
  • Cleaning
  • Coatings & Construction
  • Polymers
  • Cosmetics
  • Water Treatment
  • Food
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Agrobusiness
  • Lubricants
  • Rubber

Synonyms: Koksalt, Havsalt, Bordsalt, Natriumklorid, Vanlig Salt, sodium chloride, Halite, Salt, Table salt, Saline, Rock salt, Common salt, Dendritis, Purex, Sodium chloric, Sodium chloride (NaCl), Hyposaline, Flexivial, Gingivyl, Iodized salt, Slow Sodium, Sea salt, SS salt

Chemical Formula: NaCl

CAS Number: 7647-14-5