What is Sodium Chloride

You likely best know sodium chloride by its household name — table salt. Table salt is used in countless applications in the food and beverage industry to add flavor or preserve food. It can be incorporated into a food or drink by the producer or sold directly to the customer to use freely. Both uses are approved and recognized as safe by the FDA.

Salt is specifically listed in the Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 Section 182.1 — substances that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use. As long as it is used for the correct purpose and follows good manufacturing practice, you are free to ingest sodium chloride or add it to the food products you manufacture.

  • Synonyms: NaCl, Sodium Chloride
  • INCI: Sodium Chloride
  • Chemical formula: NaCl
  • CAS # 7647-14-5


Use the links below to view all package sizes for these specific products:

Sodium Chloride Food-Industrial Sea Salt Extra Coarse TOPP
Sodium Chloride Oilfield Fine
Sodium Chloride Solar

Product specifications

Appearancecolorless to white, solid
Solubilitiessoluble in water
Boiling point1413 to 1461oC (2575.4 to 2661.8oF)
Freezing point801oC (1473.8oF)
Molecular weight58.44 g/mol
Weight per gallon8.33 lbs/gal
ClassSalt, Salt Evaporated, Salt Food Grade
GradesIndustrial, ACS, USP, NF Grade, Kosher

Uses and Applications for Sodium Chloride

Sodium Chloride uses include Baking, Canning, Cheese, Food Processing, Meat Products, Pickling o Salad Dressing, Seasonings, Spice Blends, Spreads.

  • Food and Nutrition: It is used to flavor and preserve foods. Salt is used in fermentation processes for foods.
  • Pharmaceutical: It is used in a variety of pharmaceutical products to produce isotonic solutions. Sodium chloride tablets are available to replace salt lost through excess sweating to help prevent muscle cramps. It is also used as an ingredient in nasal sprays and other medicines.
  • Personal Care: It is used in the formulation of oral hygiene products, shampoos, fragrance, skin, hair, nail, cleansing, suntan, makeup and bath products.
  • HI&I: Household cleaning agent
  • Others: Large quantities of sodium chloride are also used in industrial manufacturing settings to help make a range of products, from plastic, paper, rubber and glass, to chlorine, polyester, household bleach, soaps, detergents and dyes. It can be used as de-icer on roads in below-freezing temperatures, water softening solutions, and as an extinguishing agent in fire extinguishers.


Sodium chloride — also known as table salt or CAS No. 7440-23-5 — is an ionic compound produced by mining rock salt or evaporating seawater or brine from a salt lake. The result is a versatile ingredient with a vast number of household and industrial uses that is in enormous demand around the world. More than 280 million metric tons are produced each year alone.

Looking for a sodium chloride distributor for a continuous partnership or one-time purchase? With 190 distribution centers and experienced team members, Brenntag North America is proud to be a leader in ingredient and additive distribution.

At Brenntag, we believe buying your sodium chloride and other additives should be an easy process. With an inventory of 10,000 products and world-class customer support, we have the resources to take the burden of ordering nearly any ingredient off your shoulders. Whether you are a sodium chloride supplier looking for a partner or need sodium chloride for your business, contact us now to learn more about choosing Brenntag as your distributor.

Sodium chloride is available in bags 50 lb quantities.

You can download a copy of the SDS for sodium chloride from Brenntag Connect.

Download the SDS now.

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This document is for informational purposes only. You accept sole responsibility for reading and complying with the Safety Data Sheets (SDS’s), as well as any other safety information, relating to the products listed herein. The information contained herein is based on Brenntag’s knowledge at the time of publication or release and not on any publications, independent studies, empirical evidence or other form of verification. You should not use or rely on any statements contained herein as a basis for any representations or warranties to your customers or end users as to the safety, efficacy or suitability of any product or for purposes of ensuring your compliance with any laws or regulations. Brenntag makes no warranties, express or implied, as to the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained herein or as to fitness of any product for any particular purpose. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as an authorization to use or an inducement to practice any patent, trade secret or other intellectual property right. Before producing and distributing any product, it is your sole responsibility to adequately test and document the performance of the product and acquire any required intellectual property rights. You assume all risks for failing to do so and Brenntag shall not be liable (regardless of fault) to you, your employees, customers or end users or any third party for direct, special or consequential damages arising out of or in connection with the furnishing or use of this information. Please contact your local Brenntag representative if you have any questions about this information.