What is ferric nitrate

Ferric nitrate — also known as iron(III) nitrate or Fe(NO3)3 — is an iron compound with multiple applications, including metal finishing. Identified as 10421-48-4 by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), ferric nitrate serves a critical role in the textile, water treatment, health care, and petrochemical industries.

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Chemical Property Information for Ferric Nitrate

Ferric nitrate is an iron compound that occurs by treating iron metal powder with nitric acid. It is soluble in water, alcohol, and acetone.

Key identifying information for this iron compound follows:

  • CAS Number: 10421-48-4
  • European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) InfoCard: 100.030.805
  • Unique Ingredient Identifier (UNII): N8H8402XOB
  • CompTox Dashboard: DTXSID60176472

Since ferric nitrate usually appears in its nonahydrate form (or with nine molecules of water) as Fe(NO3)3 • 9H2O, it features a crystalline or sand-like form. The colors of these crystals can range from pale violet to green to white to absolutely colorless. In some instances, ferric nitrate solutions will appear with brown-colored patches. If dissolved from its crystalline form, ferric nitrate will transition into a yellow solution. This iron compound does have a slight odor similar to nitric acid or chlorine.

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Additional property information for ferric nitrate includes:

  • Chemical formula: Fe(NO3)3
  • Molar mass: 241 g/mol
  • Melting point: 47 C, 117 F
  • Boiling point: 125 C, 257 F

Though some industries use ferric nitrate solutions in food products, vitamin supplements, and medical treatments, it is essential to follow proper handling procedures.

When handling this iron compound in its raw or crystalline form, for example, avoid skin and eye contact as well as inhalation because ferric nitrate can irritate. Wear the appropriate protective and safety equipment, like safety goggles and gloves. Facilities should also maintain eyewash fountains and emergency showers in case employees come into contact with a ferric nitrate solution.

While not combustible, ferric nitrate serves as a strong oxidizer. It can enhance or accelerate the combustion of other substances as a result, which is why ferric nitrate requires storage separate and away from organics, reducing agents, and combustibles. Locations with ferric nitrate should keep it within a closed container in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area to prevent decomposition. Direct sunlight can also impact the quality and purity of ferric nitrate, so choose a shaded location in your facility.

For disposal, facilities using this iron compound must follow local, regional, national, and international regulations. Disposal should prevent the release of ferric nitrate into the environment, including waterways. If any form of ferric nitrate gets released into the environment or public waters, the facility should notify local authorities and implement the necessary safeguards to prevent any further contamination.

When sourcing ferric nitrate solutions from a supplier, it is essential to choose a company that follows proper safety and storage procedures for this compound.

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Industries in Which Ferric Nitrate Solutions Are Commonly Used

A range of sectors uses ferric nitrate solutions, including:

  • Water treatment
  • Textile
  • Health care
  • Automotive
  • Industrial
  • Oil and gas
  • Food
  • Pharmaceutical
  • And more

The versatility of ferric nitrate as a catalyst or reagent allows multiple applications. An industrial plant, for example, can use iron(III) nitrate for metal finishing to protect against corrosion. In comparison, an oil and gas company may use iron(III) nitrate as a catalyst to break or crack hydrocarbon molecules to mass-produce gasoline and diesel fuel. Another sector, like the water treatment industry, may use it to remove nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater as well as treat sulfides.

Uses of ferric nitrate can go beyond its catalyst applications too. An animal feed manufacturer, for instance, may use it as a micro-ingredient to create a feed that meets the dietary needs of the intended animal. Meanwhile, a hospital may use iron(III) nitrate to treat patients with iron-deficiency anemia. Manufacturers of nutritional supplements can use it for a similar application, creating consumable products that help users maintain healthy iron levels.

For industries across the globe, this iron compound serves a critical role in the lives of businesses and consumers. It creates fresh and safe drinking water, generates essential fuel sources for cars, homes, and businesses, provides medical professionals with effective treatment options, and more. The impactful roles of ferric nitrate solutions make it critical for organizations to purchase high-quality ferric nitrate from trusted suppliers. Without a trusted source for iron compounds, organizations risk using low-quality iron(III) nitrate, which can influence the compound's impact and effectiveness.

A nutritional company that sources low-purity ferric nitrate, for instance, may produce supplements that fail to increase or maintain iron levels for consumers with iron-deficiency anemia. In response, product users may require hospitalization and medical treatments. Physicians may also recommend a different supplement brand, which impacts that nutritional company's reputation and long-term success. Companies producing dietary supplements with ferric nitrate must follow the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) labeling guidelines for iron-containing dietary supplements.

No matter your industry, whether healthcare or industrial, invest in high-quality, pure ferric nitrate from a trusted supplier. When you make this investment, your business can enhance the quality of its product, from vitamin supplements to diesel fuel to animal feed. You can also ensure that your organization provides your clients, whether consumers or business buyers, with a safe, high-quality product.

Why Choose Brenntag for Ferric Nitrate Solutions?

With more than 180,000 satisfied clients, Brenntag is a top distributor for organizations.

As your ferric nitrate solutions distributor, we will provide you with a seamless client experience and high-quality iron compounds that meet your needs and deadline no matter your industry or location. Learn more about how our dedicated team, just-in-time delivery, and 190 distribution locations can help your organization access ferric nitrate with ease.

Contact one of our experienced customer service representatives today to partner with Brenntag for all of your organization's ingredient needs.

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