It is a sweet tasting, colorless, odorless, nontoxic, viscous liquid that is widely used in pharmaceutical formulations as well as food industry and also used in coatings resins and adhesives. The glycerol backbone is found in those lipids known as glycerides. Due to having antimicrobial and antiviral properties it is widely used in FDA approved wound and burn treatments. It can also be used as an effective marker to measure liver disease. It is also widely used as a sweetener in the food industry and as a humectant in pharmaceutical formulations.


Molar Weight92.094 g/mol
Melting Point18.0°C
Boiling Point287.8°C
Flash Point198.9°C
Density1.263 g/cc
FormsLiquid (clear), Colourless

Uses and Applications

Key applications

  • Ink, toner and colourant
  • Food additive
  • Anti-freeze
  • Leather processing
  • Adhesives and Sealants
  • Textile handling
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Personal care
  • Beauty products
  • Paint and Coatings


  • Pulp & Paper
  • Coatings & Construction
  • Polymers
  • Cosmetics
  • Food
  • Chemical Processing
  • Rubber

Synonyms: Propanetriol, Glycerin, 1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane, Glycerol, 1, 2, 3 - Propanetriol, E 422, Glycerine, Glycerol

Chemical Formula: C3H8O3

CAS Number: 56-81-5