Nitric Acid

Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid. The pure compound is colorless. Most commercially available nitric acid has a concentration of 68% in water.


Molar Weight63,01 g/mol
Melting Point- 42° C
Boiling Point83° C
Flash Point
Specific Gravity
Particle Size

Uses and Applications

Key applications

  • Metallurgy
  • Oxidising agent
  • Etching & Engraving
  • Metal finishing
  • Fertiliser
  • Electroplating


  • Pulp & Paper
  • Pharma
  • Oil & Gas
  • Cleaning
  • Coatings & Construction
  • Polymers
  • Cosmetics
  • Water Treatment
  • Food
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Agrobusiness
  • Chemical Processing
  • Rubber

Synonyms: Aqua fortis, Azotic acid, Hydrogen nitrate, Nitral, Nitryl hydroxide

Chemical Formula: HNO3

CAS Number: 7697-37-2