Calcium oxide, commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a white, caustic, alkaline, crystalline solid. Calcium oxide is usually made by the thermal decomposition of materials containing calcium carbonate (e.g. limestone). By heating the material to above 825 °C a process called calcination or lime-burning, to liberate a molecule of carbon dioxide (CO2), is accomplished leaving quicklime. The quicklime is not stable and, when cooled, will spontaneously react with CO2 from the air, to Calcium Carbonate. In water Calcium oxide reacts to form Calcium Hydroxide.
|Molar Weight||56.077 g/mol|
|Forms||White, Crystalline, Solid|
Synonyms: Quicklime, Burnt lime, Unslaked lime, E529
Chemical Formula: CaO
CAS Number: 1305-78-8