What Chemicals are in Vinyl Flooring?

Vinyl flooring chemicals

Vinyl is one of the most popular flooring options for today's homeowners, especially in kitchens and bathrooms, due to its durability, comfort to walk on, and resilience to water, heavy foot traffic. Vinyl flooring is easily modified and comes in a wide variety of colors and patterns and can be made to look like wood, ceramic tile, and other materials. Vinyl flooring is economical compared to many other flooring options.

Vinyl has the potential to fade if exposed to direct sunlight and can become damaged under extreme temperatures. This typically limits vinyl flooring materials to indoor use. Sharp objects or heavy loads can also damage vinyl floors. Homeowners can choose between several types of vinyl flooring, namely sheet, tile, and plank. Sheets come in rolls, as carpet does, typically six or 12 feet wide. These sheets can be cut to size. Vinyl flooring types depend on the level of modification to the PVC backbone with plasticizers.

Vinyl tiles typically come in 9-inch or 12-inch squares and can look like ceramic, stone or marble when installed. They are easy to install and may use a peel-and-stick application method. The adhesives used are typically based on vinyl as well to maximize adhesion and maintain the durability and physical properties of the vinyl flooring product. Vinyl planks come in rectangular pieces and look similar to hardwood. They come in various sizes and thicknesses and use one of a range of installation methods. No matter which variety, vinyl flooring is made up of various raw materials and chemicals. All vinyl flooring has certain elements in common, but depending on the desired qualities, the composition of various pieces may vary. The manufacturing methods used may differ as well.

In this article you will learn:

  • Chemicals and raw materials in vinyl flooring
  • Considerations when choosing chemicals and raw materials
  • How vinyl flooring is manufactured

Tile placing

Chemicals and raw materials in vinyl flooring

Below are some of the primary materials and chemicals in vinyl flooring. Some of them are integral to the composition of vinyl, while others may differ between specific types of flooring. The compositions of floorings vary, and some of the mixtures are proprietary.

Wet Outdoor Decking Surface

Considerations when choosing chemicals and raw materials

Numerous factors impact which chemicals and raw materials are best to use for a vinyl flooring product. Most flooring companies perfect their ingredients list and processes over several years. Working with a knowledgeable chemical distributor can help you choose the materials that are right for your needs.

  • Desired qualities: Different materials produce vinyl with different characteristics. Consider the flexibility, durability, color, design elements, flame retardancy, and more. Plasticizers, stabilizers, pigments, coatings, and fillers can all impact these qualities.
  • Intended use: The conditions the flooring is used in may require the use of different materials. While you may not always have this information beforehand, consider offering flooring suitable for a variety of conditions. Different types of adhesives, for example, work better on different types of sub-flooring.
  • Safety and health impacts: The health and safety of both the people manufacturing the flooring and the end user should always be a top concern. While many substances deemed to have negative impacts are no longer in use, it is worthwhile to keep these considerations in mind.
  • Environmental impact: Many of the phased-out substances that have had a negative health impact, and had a negative environmental impact, have been primarily replaced with equally effective, environmental-safe alternatives. For instance, some materials that produced higher levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) over time, have been functionally replaced.
  • Laws and regulations: Laws and regulations prevent manufacturers from using some chemicals that may have potential harmful health, safety, and environmental impacts. Laws may also limit material usage in other, less expected ways. Pay close attention to legal issues when choosing materials.
  • Cost: The cost of materials is another important consideration. Vinyl is known for being an affordable flooring option.

How vinyl flooring is manufactured

There are numerous processes used to manufacture vinyl flooring and depends on the type of flooring being produced. Considerations include whether it is in sheet or tile form, what properties it will have and what colors and designs it will have.

Below is a basic overview of some common vinyl flooring manufacturing processes.

Contact Brenntag North America for your adhesives

With over 10,000 products, Brenntag North America has many of the chemicals and ingredients necessary for manufacturing vinyl flooring. We have more than 190 distribution locations across the United States and Canada and offer localized services, just-in-time deliveries, technical support, formulation assistance, supply chain solutions, repackaging, and more. Our team has extensive industry knowledge and expertise.

Our coatings and construction division has a broad range of product offerings including resins, pigments, fillers, adhesives, coatings, and much more. We are safety- and environment-conscious and partnership-oriented. We want to help make sure you are ahead of the curve and have access to high-quality, safe, reliable, cost-effective product delivery.

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