A colloid is a type of mixture where one substance is dispersed evenly throughout another. A hydrocolloid is a colloid system where the colloidal particles are dispersed in water. Hydrocolloids may be reversible or irreversible, which means they canfluctuate between a gel-state and a solid-state; many are naturally derived.

Hydrocolloids provide many functions in food products including:

  • Texture Modification
  • Thickening
  • Emulsification
  • Stabilization
  • Binding
  • Adhesion

While some hydrocolloids are used independently, many are used in tandem with one another to provide the optimum result within the formulation.

Featured Hydrocolloids

HydrocolloidRaw MaterialSolution ClarityViscosityPotential Applications
CarrageenanSeaweed extractsGoodN/AFrozen desserts, ice cream, chocolate milk, meats (ham, poulty), sauces and dressings, dessert gels, flan
Guar GumSeeds of Guar BeanFairMediumDairy products, frozen desserts, sauces and dressings, processed cheese, dips
Gum ArabicTree exudatesExcellentLowBeverage emulsions, confectionery applications, baked goods, syrups, dietary fiber
Gum TragacanthTree exudatesFairHighSauces and dressings,crystallization inhibition
Locust Bean GumSeeds of Carob treeFairHighFrozen desserts, cream cheese, dips, jams, jellies, pies, puddings, ice cream, cheese fillings
PectinPlant extracts and fruit skinsExcellentVariesJams and jellies, confectionery applications, beverages, yogurt, fruit preps, bakery fillings
Propylene GlycolalginateSeaweed extractsFairVariesSalad dressings, beverages, frozen dairy, fresh citrus fruit coatings
Sodium AlginateSeaweed extractsGoodVariesCheese sauce, restructured foods, puddings, desserts, candy, frostings
Xanthan GumProduced via fermentationFairHighSauces and dressings, dry mixes, beverages, bakery, frozen foods

Disclaimer: This document should be used as a reference only. Ultimate decisions are the sole responsibility of the customer. While the information set forth above has been prepared based on information believed to be reliable, any recommendations or advice given by Brenntag, its employees or agents in connection with the sale or use of products are provided as a courtesy only and without any liability. All warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy of the information provided, including, without limitation, any implied warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, are expressly disclaimed and all responsibility for use of or reliance on such information rests solely with the customer. Please contact your local Brenntag representative for additional information and product availability.

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  • Solubility
  • Acid Stability
  • pH Range in Application
  • Gelling Mechanism and more!

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